I’ve been doing my Old Testament daily Bible readings in a new translation this year and one of the things that took me off guard was the appearance of “Lord of armies” as a name for God. It first appears in 1 Samuel 1:3. The NIV renders it “Lord Almighty.” The ESV translates it “Lord of hosts” – and I was used to those, but not “Lord of armies.” Notice that it is not “Lord of the Army,” as in Israel’s army, but Lord of “Armies.” God is the Lord of all armies. The title has special relevance in the prophets because Israel was looking to the army to rescue her; if not her own army, then the army of Egypt, or Syria.
Interestingly, the title, while ubiquitous in Isaiah and Jeremiah (half of all its uses are in those two books), does not occur at all in Ezekiel or Daniel. And why? Because in captivity, Israel had ceased to be a sovereign nation. She had no army, and lacked the political muscle to call on another nation to help her. The term was irrelevant for God.
Ezekiel however chronicles a vastly different situation for Israel. Some of them are living yet in Canaan, believing their brethren in captivity have gotten what they deserve. Those in captivity are hoping their brethren in Canaan will mount a force and come rescue them. The world of both groups has collapsed. Their times are unprecedented. Neither group is looking to God who is called in Ezekiel the “Sovereign Lord” (NIV) or “Lord God” (KJV, ESV). Ezekiel uses that name some 210 times for God out of 293 in the whole Old Testament.
By using that particular name for God, Ezekiel’s message to a bedraggled Israel was the same as it is for us. Whatever is going on, for whatever reason, God is in control. He rules. Only he rules. Put your hope in him because as sovereign, He is the only hope there is.
Be very careful, then, how you live—not as unwise but as wise, making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil. (Ephesians 5:15-16)
John William McGarvey was born in 1829 in Hopkinsville, Kentucky. He became a Christian at the end of his first year in college. Three years later, he became a preacher.
When the Civil war began McGarvey was preaching for a small congregation in Dover, Missouri. Every day people met to talk about little else but the war. The newspapers were, of course, full of war news. McGarvey, could have spent his time reading the reports and sitting in the general store pontificating with others on how the war ought to be fought – or whether it ought to be fought at all. Instead, he spent three years writing a commentary on the book of Acts. My point is this: When McGarvey found his world falling apart, and chaos all around him, he made sure to take some time to feed his soul.
We cannot ignore the present crisis. But might I suggest that while we practice “safe distancing” and conscientious hand washing, that we use some of the extra time we may have to feed our souls. If you have not begun a daily reading of the Bible, do that. You may not make it all the way through this year, but you might just develop a habit that will change your life. Set aside a time for prayer and mention by name all those in our family you know. Phone a friend – perhaps one you haven’t connected with in a while. Use your time for something good.
Watching TV, listening to the news (for hours on end) will not make you a better person, may make you feel anxious and rob you of faith and will certainly waste precious time.
By the way: McGarvey’s became one of the most widely used commentaries on the book of Acts in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
On October 31, 1517 Martin Luther nailed 95 challenges to the Catholic Church to the Castle Church door in Wittenburg, Germany. Most historians cite that as the beginning of what became known as the Reformation.
Luther felt he was in uncharted territory, but he was determined to lead the Church he loved out of her worldliness into spirituality.
All did not go well.
Luther was tried and excommunicated in 1521. His life was in danger. Though Luther was trying to reform the Church, once he revolted, others felt free to do the same. What followed was, for many, excommunication, persecution, and execution. Luther felt deep responsibility and wrestled with deep depression.
If all that weren’t enough, in August of 1527 the black plague re-emerged in Germany and in August, struck his town of Wittenberg. The healthy and wealthy fled. Luther and his family stayed and ministered to the sick. Luther’s son contracted the disease but recovered. His pregnant wife also contracted the disease and recovered, but their newborn daughter, weakened in utero, died at the age of five months. It was during this time Luther wrote his most famous hymn based on Psalm 46:
A mighty fortress is our God, a bulwark never failing.
Our helper He amidst the flood of mortal ills prevailing.
Covid-19 is not the Black Plague, but like the Black Plague, it is a “mortal ill.” By all means, be wise and be careful. Wash your hands, and if you are sick, stay away from people who are well. But keep this in mind: our hope is not in any of these precautions, but in the Lord of Hosts. As Luther wrote in verse 2
Did we in our own strength confide, our striving would be losing
Were not the right Man on our side, the Man of God’s own choosing
Dost ask who that may be? Christ Jesus, it is He
The Lord of hosts His name, from age to age the same
And He must win the battle.
“And he answered them, ‘To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given.’” (Matthew 13:11).
In the first two plagues of the Exodus story, whatever God empowered Moses to do, Pharaoh’s magicians could also do. That changed with the third plague. It is almost like God was in a contest with the magic of Egypt! Of course, the contest ended with the third plague – which the magicians could not duplicate. God was supreme.
With the next three plagues that lesson would be repeated, along with another one: This supreme God has a chosen people. “‘But on that day I will deal differently with the land of Goshen, where my people live; no swarms of flies will be there, so that you will know that I, the Lord, am in this land. I will make a distinction between my people and your people” (Exodus 8:22-23).
My people. Your people.
Jesus emphasizes the distinction: “to you it has been given. But not to them.” The disciples were “insiders.” The crowds were “outsiders.”
To Christians Paul wrote ‘Christ gave himself to redeem us, to purify for himself a people who are his very own’ (Titus 2:14). Peter wrote: “[Y]ou are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God . . .” (1 Peter 2:9).
Insiders have two tasks: First, to behave like insiders – like Jesus – so that no one will malign the word of God, so that people will be ashamed of opposing us, so that we can make the teaching about God our Savior attractive to others (Titus 2:5,8,9). We can’t do that if our lives look theirs. Second, having made the word of God attractive by our behavior, we must bring those outsiders inside our world.
“You are my refuge and my shield; I have put my hope in your word” (Psalm 119:114).
Psalm 119 is the longest of the Psalms. It may well be the most artistic.
There are twenty-two letters in the Hebrew alphabet. This psalm has twenty-two sections, each named for a succeeding letter. So, in your Bible, the first section of Psalm 119 is headed “aleph,” the second “beth,” the third “gimel” and so on to the end of the alphabet.
Each section has eight verses, and each one of those verses begins with a word corresponding to that section’s alphabet letter. Thus the first section has eight verses, each verse beginning with a word starting with an aleph (or “A”). The second eight verses each begin with a beth (or “B”). On it goes, changing letters every eight verses. If you don’t think that’s tough, try writing your own poem that way!
So why the artistry?
The more complicated the structure, the more valuable the subject. And so, the writer does it this way, giving the poem great length and complicated presentation to underscore the importance and value of his subject, the word of God.
But I want to focus on one little phrase: “according to your word.” It occurs five times in the poem and on all five occasions, the writer refers to something God has promised: hope in desperate times (vs. 25), strength in days of sorrow (vs. 28), knowledge and good judgment for day to day living (vs. 65), relief in times of suffering (vs. 107), and understanding in times of confusion (vs. 169). Interestingly, the author knows these are the promises of God because he has read them in God’s word.
Like the Psalmist, make God your refuge and shield in 2020 by trusting in his promises – promises you will find in a daily reading of God’s word. You can’t know about them if you don’t read about them.
In her recent book, Confronting Christianity, Rebecca McLaughlin writes:
In 2015 I met an Iranian science professor from a world-class university. I asked him how he came to be a Christian. He replied, “Through the ministry of J.S. Bach!” My new friend had been raised in a Muslim family. But when the Islamic revolution swept through Iran in 1980, he abandoned his familial faith. Alongside his scientific studies, my friend was a semiprofessional flutist. Classical music was banned by the new government, so music lovers crowded into private houses to savor illicit sonatas. Before one secret concert, my friend rehearsed a Bach flute sonata with his musical mentor but was stopped a few bars in: “I cannot hear the cross of Christ in what you are playing,” his mentor complained. My friend was bewildered: with little knowledge of Christianity, he had no idea what his mentor meant. But the challenge stuck with him. Gradually, he began to apprehend the profoundly Christian fabric of Bach’s works; and when he first walked into a church a few years later, he sensed the same reality.
Reading those words I was reminded of these very important truths: while there is only one road to Christ, no one knows it on their own. Everyone must be shown the way. The way can only be shown by Christ followers, but it is revealed in ways that are as varied as the lives we live and the experiences we share.
It may not be Bach, but you have something in common with a friend, an acquaintance, a co-worker, a relative who needs to know the way to Jesus. Use that commonality to point them to Christ that they too might become a disciple.
My son, if sinners entice you, do not consent . . . 16 for their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed blood (Proverbs 1:10-16).
Barry Black grew up on the streets of Baltimore, the son of a devoutly religious mother. She paid her children a nickel a verse for every passage of scripture they committed to memory and Barry quickly learned to game the system. He began looking for the shortest verses in the Bible (“low hanging fruit” he calls them). There was “Jesus Wept” (John 11:35). Then “Rejoice evermore” (1 Thessalonians 5:16). Then “Remember Lot’s Wife” (Luke 17:32) and “Pray without ceasing” (1 Thessalonians 5:17).
Barry found two for one specials. “Do not kill” was Exodus 20:13, but so was Deuteronomy 5:17. Learn it once, get paid twice. Barry’s mother knew what he was doing, but she also knew what she was doing. In order to find those verses, Barry had to make his way through the Bible. Eventually, his mother capped what she would pay to a quarter a week (five verses), and eventually, Barry found greater value than a nickel a verse.
One afternoon in his 13th year, young Barry was invited by some friends to join them in taking revenge on a common nemesis. Barry remembered Proverbs 1:10-16 and refused, choosing to stay far away from those “friends.” The revenge went horribly wrong, and a boy died. The others were charged and convicted of murder. “That would have been me” Barry says, “had I not remembered the proverb” and taken it to heart.
Today Barry is the Chaplain of the United States Senate and as I listened to him a few days ago (his speech peppered with scripture) I thought: That’s what David meant when he wrote: “I have hidden your word in my heart that I might not sin against you” (Ps. 119:11).
Have you ever noticed how often birds appear in the Bible? Owls of all types, eagles, ospreys, hawks, sea gulls and more all figure into God’s story. Noah sent out a raven and then a dove. Elijah was fed by ravens. In Psalm 84 the writer says of heaven: “How lovely is your dwelling place O Lord of hosts!” and then goes on to remark that the sparrow finds a home in the court of the living God and the swallow builds a nest at the altar of the Lord of Hosts.
Jesus however noted that sparrows were cheap. You could buy ten for a penny. But God loves them so much that not a one can fall to the earth without God noticing. To God, we are worth much more than many sparrows (Matthew 10:31), and the Lord is watching after us with even greater care.
Civilla Martin was traveling with her preacher husband in 1905 when they stopped for a visit with their close friends, the Doolittles. Mrs. Doolittle had been bedfast for twenty years. Her husband was wheel-chair bound. Yet, their attitudes were inspirational and encouraging. “How could they always be so . . . up?” Civilla asked. Mr. Doolittle replied with a grin: “His eye is on the sparrow, and I know he watches me.”
Later that evening Civilla wrote these words that became a gospel hymn:
Why should I feel discouraged?
Why should shadows come?
Why should my heart be lonely
and long for heaven and home
when Jesus is my portion?
My constant friend is he!
His eye is on the sparrow,
and I know he watches me.
The song isn’t in our congregation’s hymnal, but another of Civilla’s is:
Be not dismayed whate’re betide
God will take care of you.
Time is filled with swift transition.
Naught of earth unmoved can stand.
Build your hopes on things eternal.
Hold to God’s unchanging hand.
Before taking us to Asia as missionaries in 1961, my father traveled all over the United States raising money for the effort. He was often told: “Don’t forget the folks back home,” and to be sure he didn’t, churches would make tapes of congregational singing and give them to him. On one of those tapes, from a church in Florida, was this hymn. It’s where I learned it. Dad loved it and we’d often sing it as a family.
Churches don’t sing it much anymore and so it remained but a memory until 2010 and the remake of the movie “True Grit.” As I listened to the sound track (music only), I recognized the tune and the words came back in a flood of memories. I used that sound track at my father’s funeral.
Though the words were written by Jennie Wilson (1856-1913), the music that made it popular was composed by F.L. Eiland (1860-1909) who wrote some 300 hymns himself during his short life. Eiland, a member of the Church of Christ, lived in Texas and established a singing school in Waco, attended by (among others) Tillit S. Teddlie (who wrote “Heaven Holds All to Me” and many others).
Chances are, some of you know the Ray Charles song “You Don’t Know Me” (also covered by Meryl Streep) or the Dean Martin song “In the Misty Moonlight” or Roy Orbison’s “Dream Baby.” All these and more were written by Cindy Walker – who was F.L. Eiland’s grandaughter.
Eiland also wrote “Look Away From The Cross” but my favorite remains “Hold to God’s Unchanging Hand.”
Trust in Him who will not leave you
Whatsoever years may bring.
Fair and bright the home in glory
Your enraptured soul will view.
The Old Testament was originally written in Hebrew (with small parts in Aramaic), and the New Testament in Greek. The earliest translation of the whole Bible into English was in the 14th century, but by that time, the Latin translation dominated and that English Bible was translated from Latin.
Two views existed regarding translation: The dominant one held that having a Bible the common man could read would just cause problems and confusion. The other was that people needed access to God’s word in a way they could understand.
William Tyndale was born in England about 1494. He went to Oxford University in 1509 where he studied languages. His goal was to study theology but discovered to his surprise that scripture was not in the Oxford syllabus, so he transferred to Cambridge. Determining to create an English New Testament from the Greek text, he found no support in England so he traveled to Germany where the project was completed in 2 years (1526).
Tyndale’s New Testament was not warmly received in England. The English church determined to buy up as many copies as possible and burn them. Tyndale had printed them on a shoestring budget, but the purchase of them in large quantities by his enemies made it possible for Tyndale to bring out another, better, edition. Because Tyndale dared to rebel against ecclesiastical authority, he was branded a heretic (one who causes division) and arrested. Found guilty, he was tied to a stake and strangled to death. His body was then burned. The date was October 6, 1536 – 483 years ago.
But the die had been cast and there would be no turning back. New English Bibles appeared in rapid succession and today, at least in our nation, they are cheap, readable and plentiful. Our blessing cost more than one man his life. I hope you are taking advantage of Tyndale’s sacrifice and daily reading your Bible.